Insights by Photon Delta.
Why interest in quantum computing is rising.
Today’s smartphones have the computing power equivalent to military-grade computer from 50 years ago that was the size of an entire room. However, even with the huge strides we’ve made in technology and classical computers, there are problems whose solution will never be feasible on a conventional computer.
In most situations, classical computers are limited to doing one thing at a time. So, the more complex the problem, the longer it takes. A problem that requires more power and time than today’s computers can accommodate is called an intractable problem. Although quantum computers cannot solve all classically intractable problems, many people hope they will solve the vast majority.
Quantum computers are not intended to replace classical computers. They use physical principles entirely different than conventional computers. Instead of bits, (zeros and ones) which conventional computers use, a quantum computer uses quantum bits—known as qubits. A computer using qubits can store enormous amounts of information and, in theory, uses considerably less energy in doing so than a traditional computer. But although it sounds fantastic, quantum computing is also incredibly complex. It demands a complete rethink in the design of computer processors.
A group of renowned Dutch scientists Profs. Ad Lagendijk, Willem Vos, Klaus Boller, Pepijn Pinkse, and Dr. Jelmer Renema have been working on this challenge and have recently formed a new company to take developments to the next level.